Judgment Liens After Bankruptcy: Are They Threatening Your Real Estate Transaction?

Did you know that a judgment “lien” against real property may survive a bankruptcy discharge? The survival of this lien may impair title to the real property and make it difficult to sell property at a short sale, or even at a non-short sale. A judgment lien is not ordinarily released until the judgment debt has been satisfied. When a money judgment is entered against a person by a court, two things happen: (1) a judgment debt is created, and (2) a judgment lien attaches to any real property the judgment debtor owns in that jurisdiction. A judgment creditor can also record the judgment in other jurisdictions where the debtor owns property, thus creating a lien against that property as well. A judgment lien is not ordinarily released until the judgment debt has been satisfied. When a person files for bankruptcy, all of that person’s, or the debtor’s debts, including any judgment debts must be listed in the bankruptcy petition. If the debtor owns real property, any judgment liens must also be listed. When a discharge is entered, the underlying debt associated with the judgment is wiped out. HOWEVER, the judgment lien that attached to any real property survives unless the debtor takes steps to remove or “avoid” the lien through a motion filed with the bankruptcy court. The debtor may not even realize the lien survived until he or she tries to sell the real property after the discharge has been entered. Sometimes judgment liens are missed or the debtor may not understand that the lien has not been released when the debt is discharged because the necessary steps to avoid the lien in the bankruptcy were not taken. The debtor may not even realize the lien survived until he or she tries to sell the real property after the discharge has been entered. The survival of the lien against the real property creates a cloud on the title that must be removed in most circumstances if the debtor is to sell the property. Release of the lien usually requires the consent of the judgment creditor or the lien holder. Most judgment creditors will not voluntarily release a judgment lien without some payment of the judgment debt, which may not be feasible depending on the creditor’s demands and/or the availability of the debtor’s funds. There may be times when a closing date is approaching, and the judgment creditor’s cooperation is not forthcoming, placing the transaction in jeopardy. What can the debtor/seller do if payment of this debt is not possible? We recently assisted a seller with this very problem. Fortunately, there is a procedure in bankruptcy to remove or avoid the lien so that the sale can proceed. Here are the steps we followed: File a motion with the bankruptcy court to re-open the seller’s bankruptcy for the limited purpose of filing a motion to avoid the judgment lien. Once the case is re-opened, file a motion to avoid the judgment lien. The motion must be supported with copies of the following documents: deed to the real property an appraisal showing the value of the property at the time the original bankruptcy petition was filed an appraisal showing the current market value evidence of the balance of any mortgages when the original bankruptcy petition was filed, and evidence...

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First blog post!  Please check back from time to time to see what interesting and informative news we have to share.  Also, please feel free to comment or reach out to us on the Contact Us page and check out our firm’s website at www.Chung-Press.com for more information about who we are, what we do, and how we can help serve you. Chung & Press, P.C. handles a diverse array of legal matters, including residential and commercial real estate transactions and closings, corporate and business transactions, bankruptcy, litigation, and intellectual property. Our experienced attorneys and staff provide  streamlined, cost efficient legal representation with a high-level of personal attention to all of our clients, from individuals, to entrepreneurs and small businesses, to large companies. We serve clients in Virginia, Maryland, and Washington, D.C., as well as handle matters throughout the United States and abroad. Please do not hesitate to contact us at (703) 734-3800 to discuss your legal...

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